This Myopia Moment provides a brief overview of three lifestyle factors to include in conversations with children and their parents about myopia management.
This Myopia Moment
provides a brief overview of
the importance of managing
myopia and highlights
some of the risk factors to
look out for to assist with
identifying a child that
may develop the condition.
Flitcroft DI. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research (2012)
High myopia comes with a heightened risk of cataract, glaucoma, retinal detachment and myopic maculopathy. The article discusses these pathologies and the associated risks.
Breslin, KMM. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (2013) A study of white Northern Irish school children and the change in refractive error and axial length (AL) over a 3-year period. Younger children experience greater changes versus teenagers; in comparison to their East Asian peers, they experience a far less dramatic change.
Gifford KL et al. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (2019)
Whitepaper outlining best practice for managing the pre- and progressing myope and gives an overview of evidence-based risk factors, selection of treatment strategies including how to manage myopia in children after diagnosis.
Ngo C et al. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics (2013)
A discussion of the possible explanations for why time spent outdoors appear to have a protective effect on emerging myopia, such as light intensity, distance to objects and more.
Ramamurthy D et al. Clinical & Experimental Optometry (2015)
Possible factors for why time spent outdoors has a protective effect on myopia are discussed and risk factors such as near work, birth seasons, smoking and birth order are looked at.
Wildsoet CF et al. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (2019)
White paper reviewing evidence behind available clinical interventions for managing myopia: optical, pharmacological, environmental and surgical.
Wollffsohn JS et al Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (2019)
Report overview summarizing the findings from International Myopia Institute whitepapers looking at definitions of myopia, risk factor identification, treatment guidelines and ethical considerations.