Standard of Care
Guidelines for Myopia Management
World Council of Optometry

Choose Language

World Council of Optometry

The Standard of Care For Myopia Management by Optometrists
Whereas the population affected by myopia is expected to increase from approximately two billion people in 2010 to nearly five billion people in 2050;
Whereas a seminal 2015 report from the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that “myopia and high myopia are increasing globally at an alarming rate, with significant increases in the risks for vision impairment from pathologic conditions associated with high myopia”;
Whereas eye care professionals agree without early identification and intervention for myopia a child is at risk for developing long term vision and eye health problems;
Whereas with increasing prevalence of myopia, regardless of magnitude, there are associated increases in the lifetime risk of further visual impairment resulting from eye diseases such as cataract, retinal detachment, myopic maculopathy, glaucoma, and optic neuropathy;
Whereas the profession of optometry has traditionally addressed uncorrected refractive errors, and specifically myopia, by correcting with spectacles or contact lenses;
Whereas the increasing magnitude of myopia and eye health complications place an increasing burden on individual quality of life and cause a rise in healthcare expenditure to both individuals and healthcare systems worldwide;
Whereas a significant amount of scientific research has identified a number of interventions to potentially control myopic progression, including behavioral, optical and pharmacological interventions or a combination of therapies;
Whereas active management of myopia is critical to minimizing the risk of irreversible visual impairment from myopia-related ocular pathologies;
Whereas the lack of an established standard of care in myopia management is a disservice to the optometric profession, patients, and public health; and
Whereas simply correcting the refractive error is no longer sufficient, and myopia management should not be optional, and rather be an obligation of optometrists;
Now, therefore, be it resolved, that the World Council of Optometry, on behalf of its members:
1. Defines the evidence-based standard of care as comprising of three main components:
2. Advises optometrists to incorporate the standard of care for myopia management within their practice that shifts from not only correcting vision but includes public education and early and frequent discussions with parents that explains:
Mr. Paul Folkesson, President, Sweden

Soft Dual Focus or Multifocal Contact Lenses

Spectacle Lenses for Myopia Control



When to wear it

Children who are physically active
Ideal for very young wearers
Children disliking glasses and/or inclined to not wearing them full-time


Shown to improve confidence and ability to participate in activities.

Typically more availability for astigmats.

No wearing time during waking hours.

Optical correction is still needed.

* Excluding children frequently engaged in water sports.