Identifying children at risk of developing myopia can be done by evaluating risk factors such as family history of myopia, refractive error, lifestyle, certain vision disorders, and age of onset.
Myopia can be predicted before onset in young children. This Myopia Moment provides a brief overview of how to use refractive error to evaluate pre-myopia in a child.
+0.50 D Age 6
Using a baseline refraction to define a child as pre-myopic is helpful but should be considered in conjunction with other risk factors that may be present.
Remember that a child may pass a vision screening and still be at risk of developing myopia.
Children should be seen for a full eye examination early, prior to beginning school, and regularly to monitor refractive status and assess overall risk for myopia.
What to Measure during Myopia Management
Myopia Management Patient Follow-up
When to wear it
Shown to improve confidence and ability to participate in activities.
Typically more availability for astigmats.
No wearing time during waking hours.
Optical correction is still needed.
* Excluding children frequently engaged in water sports.