Myopia Management
How to Choose an Intervention

Having an in-depth conversation with a myopic child and their parents can help you get a sense of the myopia management intervention that may be most suitable.

Probing questions can help you determine the most appropriate options based on lifestyle and life-stage that are likely to offer the best outcomes.

This Myopia Moment gives you an overview of questions to ask and what to consider based on the responses from the child and parent.

PROBING QUESTIONS + TREATMENT CONSIDERATIONS

?

Do your parents wear
spectacles or contact lenses?
Do your eyes ever hurt, feel
sore, watery or itchy?

Do your parents wear
spectacles or contact lenses?
Do your eyes ever hurt, feel
sore, watery or itchy?

Parents who wear contact lenses and recognize the benefit may not realize they are suitable for young children.

It is important to detect allergies and eliminate or manage dry eye before choosing contact lens options for myopia management.

?

Do your parents wear
spectacles or contact lenses?
Do your eyes ever hurt, feel
sore, watery or itchy?

When do you put your spectacles on each day and when do you take them off?

Soft contact lenses may be a better option for myopia management if the child is physically very active.

Orthokeratology may be a preferred option if the child swims several times per week.

?

Do your parents wear
spectacles or contact lenses?
Do your eyes ever hurt, feel
sore, watery or itchy?

What do you like about wearing spectacles? What annoys you?

Orthokeratology or soft contact lenses may help ensure better compliance in controlling myopia if the child tends to remove their spectacles often.

?

Do your parents wear
spectacles or contact lenses?
Do your eyes ever hurt, feel
sore, watery or itchy?

Can you think of any times where you don’t wear your spectacles?

Atropine, spectacles or contact lenses may all be good options to manage myopia if a child wears spectacles full time.

?

Do your parents wear
spectacles or contact lenses?
Do your eyes ever hurt, feel
sore, watery or itchy?

How much time do you spend outdoors? Do you use a tablet or phone? How often do you use them?

Include outdoor time in your recomendations

Prepared by the World Council of Optometry Myopia Management Resource Committee 2021. The World Council of Optometry Myopia Management Standard of Care initiative is supported by a grant from CooperVision.

More Myopia Moments

Management

Clinical Interventions in Myopia Management